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CrossFit: The Glossary

Created in the 1970s by Greg Glassman, CrossFit® is an American training method with a very specific vocabulary. All CrossFit vocabulary is in English, with abbreviations and acronyms to know. If it is not easy to navigate for beginners, the following glossary will allow you to easily understand all the essential CrossFit terms.

CrossFit vocabulary:

AMRAP

Abbreviation of the phrase “As Many Round As Possible”. It means that you must perform as many sets of exercises as possible during the required time.

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Increase in work performed, simple and repetitive exercises and muscular adaptation during exercise / reduces the effect of physical and mental fatigue

Back Squat

Leg flexion performed with a bar on the back.

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Benchmarks

Types of training exercises to report progress.

Box

Name given to a room dedicated to crossfit.

Box Jump

Alternating jumps high on an elevated plane and low on the ground.

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Increase in work performed, simple and repetitive exercises and muscular adaptation during exercise

Burpee

Basic exercise including bending the legs back, hands on the floor in a squatting position, then returning with the body grouped in flexion followed by a jump.

Dip

Also called "back push-up", an exercise consisting of lowering the body with the shoulders to the level of the elbows then pushing upwards to return to a straight arms position.

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Double Under

Exercise consisting of doing two turns of the jump rope with each jump.

EMOM

Abbreviation of the phrase “Every Minute On the Minute”. It refers to the repetition of a given exercise every minute (when the exercise is finished, the rest of the minute is dedicated to recovery).

Girls

Refers to a group of WODs (see below) offered by CrossFit and all bearing female names (the first were “Angie,” “Barbara,” “Chelsea,” “Diane,” “Elizabeth,” and “Fran”).

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Helps with muscle development / prevents muscle catabolism / helps with recovery

Hand Release Push Up

Exercise similar to classic push-ups with a lifting of the hands from the ground at the end of the flexion.

Kettlebells

Ball with a handle of varying weight (on average, 16 kilos for men, 12 kilos for women and 8 kilos for beginners) used in several CrossFit exercises.

MedBall

Weighted ball with variable weight (between 3 and 15 kilos) used for various exercises.

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PR

Personal best in an exercise.

Pull Up

Complete pull-up performed using a bar.

Push Up

Classic push-up exercise. It consists of placing the hands on the ground, arms outstretched and body braced, then lowering the body until the chest touches the ground. A push on the arms allows you to return to the initial position.

Rep

Abbreviation for repetition of a movement.

Round

Series of a given exercise.

Scale

Change the loads, time or repetitions of a movement.

Set

Series of repetitions of an exercise.

Squat

Leg flexion that can be performed with or without load.

Tabata

Intense training protocol, where 20 seconds of exercise and 10 seconds of rest follow one another for 4 minutes.

WOD

Abbreviation of the expression “Workout of the Day”. It designates the exercises practiced during the day's training.

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Source of protein, rich in fiber, low in carbohydrates and lipids / Reduces the effect of fatigue / Maintains energy and vitality